full year has passed since the “Stockholm” agreement signing, between
the legitimate Yemeni government and the Houthi militia on December 13th, 2018,
under the United Nations supervision, the stumbling and lack of implementation
is still the master of the situation, in light of the continued prevarication
of the Houthis and their lack of commitment to any of the agreement terms.
observers believe that this agreement turned into a stumbling block to any
comprehensive political settlement in Yemen, due to the lack of the Houthi
militias’ commitment, as usual, in implementing the agreements.
Stockholm agreement, which was strengthened by the Security Council by a
resolution issued on December 22nd, 2018, included three axes, the first on the
city of Hodeidah and its ports (Hodeidah, al-Salif and Ras Issa), the second an
implementation mechanism to activate the prisoner exchange agreement, and the
third the declaration of understandings about the besieged city of Taiz.
the agreement, Houthi had to withdraw its militia from the ports and city of
Hodeidah within 14 days of signing, remove any obstacles or obstacles that
prevented local institutions from performing their functions, and enforce an
international truce for the ceasefire that became “just ink on
spokesman for the joint forces on the West Coast, Colonel Waddah Al-Dubeish,
holds the United Nations and the UN envoy to Yemen Martin Griffiths responsible
for the stalled implementation of the Stockholm Agreement for a full year.
“The United Nations and its envoy have been able, since the first months,
to resolve the Hodeidah file and take a lot of measures and put real pressure
on the Houthi militia and Iran to implement the agreement,” he said.
the course of a whole year, the Houthi militia did not stop violating the
agreement by violating the military armistice, and its shells are constantly
falling on civilians, and according to a recent report by Save the Children,
there are 33 children killed and wounded every month in Hodeidah between
January and October 2019.
to a spokesman for the joint forces, “Sweden has nothing left except the
name,” adding: “The ceasefire agreement in Hodeidah was born with a
handicap and lived on artificial respiration for a year.”
violations reached their climax, last month, by targeting the headquarters of
the government team in the Redeployment Committee in Hodeidah with ballistic
missiles and drones, which the Yemeni Prime Minister considered “a clear
indication of the coupists’ rejection of peace and their breach of covenants
and agreements”, in addition to restricting the work and movement of the
UN committee to coordinate the return of Spread.
succession of three to the chairmanship of the Redeployment Committee, since
the signing of the agreement, is an indication of little progress in the
committees’ work, from General Patrick Camer passed through the Danish Michael
Lollisgard to the Indian General Abahjit Goha who has barely succeeded in
establishing five ceasefire observation points, which impact has diminished
drastically, with military operations, attacks, and shelling in squares and
observation sectors over the past days.
UN mission does not seem interested in the major military escalation in all
fronts south of Hodeidah on a daily basis, with successive build-up and
reinforcements continuing without stopping.
described the United Nations’ silence as suspicious, and said that the United
Nations and the Houthi militia are in trouble and in one corner and they have
no choice but to implement the Stockholm Agreement or implement it by military
was and still is a vital and voluntary sea port, one of the most important
sources of power for the Houthi militia since its control over it after its
coup against the legitimate authority in late 2014, as Hodeidah ports have
turned into smuggling outlets for Iranian weapons, a source of levies,
financial profit, and financing of what it calls the “war effort.”
strip the Houthis of this force, the Saudi-led Legal Support Alliance announced
a military operation to liberate Hodeidah in September 2018, and the joint
forces were just around the corner to tighten their control of Hodeidah, before
the international community intervened to save the Houthi group under the
UN envoy to Yemen obtained the Yemeni governments’ approval and the Houthis to
hold political negotiations in the Swedish capital, Stockholm, resulting on the
signing of an agreement that succeeded only in stopping the military operation
to liberate Hodeidah, and the Houthi presence in the city and its three ports
the humanitarian status pact raised by the international community, and which
the Houthis employed for political blackmail, remains the same, as the militia
has so far refused to provide safe corridors for humanitarian aid, or deposit
the revenues of Hudaydah ports into the Yemens’ Central Bank to contribute to
the payment of salaries for civil workers in Al Hudaydah Governorate and
throughout Yemen, according to the text of the agreement.
second axis of the Stockholm Agreement, which deals with the executive mechanism
to activate the prisoner exchange agreement, is also still faltering due to the
Houthis ’refusal to abide by the agreement on the principle of release of all
for all, and they demand the release of prisoners in batches, the fragmentation
of this humanitarian file, and the fabrication of crises to evade
third axis of the agreement also included understandings about the besieged
Taiz, the situation remains the same as it has been besieged by the Houthi
militia for four and a half years in the siege, which is the longest in
history, according to the description of human rights organizations.
disastrous failure to implement the “Stockholm” agreement extended to
the point that the international community was unable to compel the Houthi
militia to allow an international team to assess the state of the Saffer
floating tank off the coast of Hodeidah, which contains one million and 140
thousand barrels of crude oil, and has not undergone any maintenance since
2015, which threatens to cause a serious environmental disaster in the Red Sea.
The Yemeni government has repeatedly called on the international community to put pressure on the Houthi militia to allow its maintenance to avoid a disaster that will affect the countries bordering the Red Sea, and will affect the marine environment and international navigation.
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