Amidst Crisis Yemeni Women Take On the Role of Traditional Male
Yemen being a highly patriarchal society, have historically placed Yemeni women at a disadvantage, but with the civil war continuing for almost four years, many of them now have to step into roles that were generally filled by men.
The conflict between the pro-government forces, supported by a Saudi-led military coalition and the Iran-affiliated Houthi militia has pushed the nation to the verge of famine. Some 15.8 million Yemenis don’t even know from where they would get their next meal and 24 million of the 30 million people in Yemen are in need humanitarian assistance, according to Oxfam development charity.
According to the World Health Organization, since 2015, when Saudi Arabia and its allies arbitrated in the war, around 10,000 people, mostly civilians, have been killed and over 60,000 were injured. However, rights groups stated that the actual figure might be five times as high. Presently, 3.3 million people remain dislodged across the nation.
As many Yemeni men have been killed or injured, roughly disappeared, compelled to fight or have lost their jobs; hence, many women have become important providers in many families, yet, still remaining primary caregivers. They are carrying on raising children, cooking, cleaning, tend the land and graze sheep and cattle.
In the 2018 Global Gender Gap Report submitted by the World Economic Forum (WEF) that assesses the distinction in chances available for men and women in over 100 nations, Yemen ranks the last. However, more women are entering the labor market, leading to more openness to women taking part in various professions, according to Sultana Begum, Norwegian Refugee Council advocacy manager.
However, regardless of their recently discovered roles, women continue to face a lot of objection associated with their sex.
Years of conflict and aggravating humanitarian crisis have infuriated the situation for Yemeni women and girls, who suffer extremely from violence, poverty, and breach of their rights.
A widespread civil war has collapsed the economy, and the increase in poverty has led to negative coping measures like child labor, survival sex, child marriage, and begging.
Now, women-leaders are present in those Yemeni regions where international humanitarian actors do not have access.