Can US withdrawal from Yemen transform UN-led cease-fire into a lasting peace?
Yemen, which has been battling to achieve normalcy for over a decade, is torn between two warring sides. One side is led by Iran-backed Houthi militants and the other is led by Saudi-backed Yemen’s ousted government. According to the UN, Yemen is undergoing the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, 60,000 non-combatants and combatants lost their lives during the crisis and more than 10 million are suffering from starvation.
Many US political analysts and political leaders, including the former US Vice President Joe Biden, have unified their voice against US’s support to its ally Saudi Arabia in the Yemen War. Last month, the critics of the Yemen crisis passed a war resolution to force US President Donald Trump to end US involvement in the war.
They argue, that with the US backing out, the number of killings and violence would decrease, and eventually, the war would end with a peaceful settlement. This version of the solution seems morally and strategically correct but how effective is it is the question. In all probability, this solution of ending US involvement is least likely to bring the Yemen war and its complications to an end.
Some of the political analysts of the Middle East region believe that neither the US and nor the withdrawal of Saudi forces would lead to a negotiated settlement. Instead, the fighting would continue, worsening cent Yemenis until one side (which currently seems to be won).
Ideally, both the sides would quit the war and come to the table, only when they see that none of them is winning in this war. Unfortunately, Yemen’s antagonistic forces haven’t reached that state of either exhaustion or realization.
On Thursday the US Senate failed to override resolution that would have required him to end the US backing Saudi forces in the Yemen crisis. Despite the loss, critics of the war pledged to keep fighting to end the US involvement. US needs to act quite contrary to the voice of those critics, which is rising in the corridors of US Senate, asking it to back off. The need of the hour increases the support for the Saudi forces to push down the militant extremists backed by Iran.
Houthis need to given an equal fight to make them honor their commitments to the UN and agree to disgorge most of their initial conquests.