Mattis Says, Yemen Peace Talks Likely To Happen In December
Jim Mattis, the defense secretary of the US stated that the peace talks between warring parties of the Yemen were probably to take place in the early of December in Sweden. Pressure are coming in from most of the western countries for a ceasefire and to renew the peace efforts to bring an end to the conflict that has been going on for more than three years now.
This conflict has for more than three years has been seen as a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia. A military coalition which was led by Saudi Arabia intervened in Yemen back in the year 2015 and it backed government forces fighting the Houthi group which is an ally for Iran. Most of the population of Yemen is now ruled by them while the exiled government controls a section of the southern Yemen. UN envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, told the Security Council that the parities of Yemen have given some slight assurances that there were committed to attend the peace talks. He also hopes to assemble before the year comes to an end in Sweden. It is thought that the both the UN recognized government and the Houthi rebel side will meet up in Sweden in early December.
Mattis also said that the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have already ceased all the operations that are offensive around the key port city of Hodeidah of Yemen and the front lines have not yet changed, in spite of some fighting in the last 72 hours. Martin Griffiths, UN envoy to yemen, was in Sanaa which is the capital of Yemen and he was also supposed to visit Hodeidah which handles more than 80% of the food imports and aid supplies of the country.
The economy of Yemen is in crisis and three-quarters of its population which is about 22 million people are in need of aid currently. More than 8.4 million are on the edge of starvation, although the UN has given the warning that it may rise to 14 million.